Upper eyelid surgery removes excess fatty deposits that appear as puffiness in the upper eyelids. Loose or sagging skin that creates folds or disturbs the natural contour of the upper eyelid, sometimes impairing vision, is treated by eyelid surgery. Lower eyelid blepharoplasty removes excess skin and fine wrinkles of the lower eyelid. Bags under the eyes are corrected by blepharoplasty.
Rhinoplasty ,a nose job, is a plastic surgery procedure for correcting and reconstructing the form, restoring the functions, and enhancing the nose.There are two types of procedures (a) closed rhinoplasty and (b) open rhinoplasty. A plastic surgeon, creates a functional, aesthetic, and facially proportionate nose by separating the nasal skin and the soft tissues from the osseo-cartilaginous nasal framework, correcting them as required for form and function, suturing the inner incisions, and applying a splint to immobilize the corrected nose to ensure the proper healing. The non-surgical rhinoplasty procedure corrects and modifies slight defects of the nose by means of subcutaneous injections of biologically inert fillers; the results tend to be relatively transitory, in comparison with the results of nose surgery.
The surgery is called otoplasty and it is targeted to correct protruding or large outer ears. It is usually performed in children in the age range of 4-14. The ear reaches its final size around ages 4-6 and therefore it is better to perform the surgery at a younger age to avoid unnecessary suffering. Additional conditions which can be corrected are “lop ear”, in which the upper ear is folded and leans forward; “cupped ear”, in which the outer ears are unusually small; and “shell ear”, in which there is flattening of the folds resulting in a shell-like ear. Long, short or torn ear lobes also can be fixed. This operation repairs congenital ear defects and make reconstruction of the outer ear after trauma.
It is a surgical procedure which reshapes the chin making it smaller or larger and balancing its size with the rest of the face to give proportionate and youthful look. It is done by insertion of implant or reshaping the jaw bone. Liposuction can be done to correct double chin thus giving nice contour to neck and beautiful jaw line.
Facelift is a procedure to improve visible signs of aging in the face and neck such as wrinkles, sagging of cheek skin below jaw line, deep crease along the nose and cheek. It is a surgical procedure in which skin tightening is done along with strengthening of the underlying muscle.
A forehead lift is most commonly performed in the age range of 40-60 to minimize the visible effects of aging. However, it can also help people of any age who have developed furrows or frown lines due to stress or muscle activity. Individuals with inherited conditions, such as a low, heavy brow or furrowed lines above the nose can achieve a more alert and refreshed look with this procedure. Forehead lift is often performed in conjunction with a facelift and or eyelid surgery. A forehead lift can enhance your appearance and your self-confidence.
Brow lift is a procedure that corrects the expression lines or other signs of aging in the brow region. A brow lift minimizes the creases that develop across the forehead, or those that occur high on the bridge of the nose, between the eyes. It improves frown lines, vertical creases that develop between the eyebrows. This procedure repositions a low or sagging brow that is hooding the upper eyelid and raises the eyebrows to a natural position.
Cleft lip and cleft palate
A cleft, or separation of the upper lip and/or the roof of the mouth, occurs very early in the development of your unborn child. During fetal development, certain components of the upper lip and roof of the mouth fail to form normally. Cleft lip and cleft palate repair is a type of plastic surgery to correct this abnormal development. Most clefts can be repaired through specialized plastic surgery techniques, improving your child’s ability to eat, speak, hear and breathe, and to restore a more normal appearance and function.
Burns or other injuries resulting in the loss of a large area of skin may form a scar that pulls the edges of the skin together in a process called contraction. The resulting contracture may affect the adjacent muscles and tendons, restricting normal movement.
Correcting a contracture usually involves cutting out the scar and replacing it with a skin graft or a flap. In some cases, a procedure known as Z-plasty may be used. New techniques, such as tissue expansion, are playing an increasingly important role. If the contracture has existed for some time, you may need physical therapy after surgery to restore full function.
Plastic surgeons improve the appearance of a scar, making it less obvious through the injection or application of certain steroid medications or through surgical procedures known as scar revisions.